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Building from source

This chapter teaches how to compile PHP from sources on windows, using Microsoft's tools. To compile PHP with cygwin, please refer to Installation on Unix systems.

See the Wiki documentation at: »

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User Contributed Notes 11 notes

axel at kollmorgen dot net
7 years ago
>>Compiling using Visual Studio .NET will create binaries dependent of msvcp71.dll
> Only if you compile with the wrong runtime library.

if this is so easy, please tell us how you managed to *not* create dependencies on msvcp71.dll/msvcr80/... using Visual C++ .NET 2000/2003/2005. thanks!
php at tattodecastro dot com
6 years ago
If you are getting the following error message:
Input Error: There is no script engine for file extension ".js"
with Visual Studio 2005 Command Prompt or similar, try to add  "/e:jscript" to the command line.

Something like:
cscript /nologo /e:jscript win32/build/buildconf.js

It worked for me, I hope it helps.
mail at tonywilk dot co dot uk
8 months ago
Building PHP on Windows 7 with Visual Studio 2010 installed...
- this differs slightly from the stepbystepbuild info and it worked for me :)

0. make a directory and unpack both of these into it:  (should have a win32 directory in it)
1. Run Visual Studio 2010 command prompt
2. CD to your php source root directory
3. set mc="C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft SDKs\Windows\v7.0A\Bin\mc"    - or wherever it is on your machine
4. vcvars32
5. set path=your_php_source_directory\bin;%PATH%
6. buildconf
7. configure --help
     this gets you a list of all the options, then... (e.g.)
8. configure --disable-all --enable-cgi --with-sqlite3
9. nmake
10. results should be in Release_TS
       in this example, all we need is php-cgi.exe and php5ts.dll
2 years ago
Using --enable-snapshot-build when setting the configure command requires you to also set --disable-static-analyze (Win7 64Bit, VC9 Express, SDK 6.1) for otherwise you will run into a fatal compiler error "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\Include\tchar.h(1659) : fa
tal error C1001: Interner Compilerfehler.
(Compilerdatei "msc1ast.cpp", Zeile 1411)"
(see also
zbowden at vt dot edu
8 years ago
When running "cscript /nologo configure.js" 5.x on Windows
2000 or XP, if you get the following error:
Microsoft JScript runtime error: Object doesn't support this
property or method

You need to have at least version 5.6 of WSH.
This is necessary because configure.js will use the .Exec()
method of the WScript.Shell.
This evidently didn't exist until 5.6?

You can download WSH 5.6 here:
Joel Low
4 years ago
To build everything in the distribution, pass --enable-snapshot-build to configure.js. In addition, you may like to use "snap" as the nmake target. If you intend to build the PHP Windows Installer, WiX source files can be obtained from
Bas van Beek
5 years ago
If trying to compile the code (Windows XP, SDK v6.1) and you get the following types of errors:

c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(128) : warning C4005: 'POLLIN' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1495) :
see previous definition of 'POLLIN'
c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(129) : warning C4005: 'POLLPRI' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1496) :
see previous definition of 'POLLPRI'
c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(130) : warning C4005: 'POLLOUT' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1499) :
see previous definition of 'POLLOUT'
c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(131) : warning C4005: 'POLLERR' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1502) :
see previous definition of 'POLLERR'
c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(132) : warning C4005: 'POLLHUP' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1503) :
see previous definition of 'POLLHUP'
c:\phpdev\php-5.2.9\main\php_network.h(133) : warning C4005: 'POLLNVAL' : macro redefinition
        c:\program files\microsoft sdks\windows\v6.1\include\winsock2.h(1504) :
see previous definition of 'POLLNVAL'
NMAKE : fatal error U1077: '"C:\Program Files\Microsoft Visual Studio 9.0\VC\BIN
\cl.exe"' : return code '0x2'

You can alter the Makefile and add the following switch to CFLAGS:

7 years ago
>> Compiling using Visual Studio .NET will create binaries dependent of msvcp71.dll

Only if you compile with the wrong runtime library.
-1 - Software Development
8 years ago
Don't forget to setup Environment variable:

or this can cause error:
c:/usr/local/lib/bison.simple: No such file or directory

Alexey Furmanov.
giunta dot gaetano at gmail dot com
7 years ago
A detailed tutorial for building php 5 using VC++ 2005 express edition (ie. the free version) is available here:

It can be a huge time saver if you do not have a complete VC6 toolchain already setup
michal dot kocarek at brainbox dot cz
5 years ago
PHP extensions can be compiled statically or shared.

- Shared compilation creates a well-known php_*.dll file.
- Static compilation puts the extension directly into PHP (therefore it does not need to be loaded and cannot be unloaded)

You can switch whether to compile given extension statically or as library by adding =static or =shared to the extension in configure.js command during the compilation.

configure --enable-http=static --with-openssl=shared
// http extension will be included in PHP
// openssl extension will be compiled as separate DLL
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