PHP 5.5.15 is released

gmp_setbit

(PHP 4 >= 4.0.4, PHP 5)

gmp_setbitSet bit

Description

void gmp_setbit ( GMP &$a , int $index [, bool $bit_on = true ] )

Sets bit index in a.

Parameters

a

The value to modify.

Either a GMP number resource in PHP 5.5 and earlier, a GMP object in PHP 5.6 and later, or a numeric string provided that it is possible to convert the latter to a number.

index

The index of the bit to set. Index 0 represents the least significant bit.

bit_on

True to set the bit (set it to 1/on); false to clear the bit (set it to 0/off).

Return Values

A GMP number resource in PHP 5.5 and earlier, or a GMP object in PHP 5.6 and later.

Examples

Example #1 gmp_setbit() example - 0 index

<?php
$a 
gmp_init("2"); //
echo gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
gmp_setbit($a0); // 0b10 now becomes 0b11
echo gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
?>

The above example will output:

2 -> 0b10
3 -> 0b11

Example #2 gmp_setbit() example - 1 index

<?php
$a 
gmp_init("0xfd");
echo 
gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
gmp_setbit($a1); // index starts at 0
echo gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
?>

The above example will output:

253 -> 0b11111101
255 -> 0b11111111

Example #3 gmp_setbit() example - clearing a bit

<?php
$a 
gmp_init("0xff");
echo 
gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
gmp_setbit($a0false); // clear bit at index 0
echo gmp_strval($a), ' -> 0b'gmp_strval($a2), "\n";
?>

The above example will output:

255 -> 0b11111111
254 -> 0b11111110

Notes

Note:

Unlike most of the other GMP functions, gmp_setbit() must be called with a GMP resource that already exists (using gmp_init() for example). One will not be automatically created.

See Also

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User Contributed Notes 1 note

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bluej100@gmail
6 years ago
The third parameter is somewhat confusingly named; it would probably be better described as "$set_state". If true, it sets the bit to 1. If false, it sets the bit to 0. Default is true.

<?php
$num
= gmp_init(1);
gmp_setbit($num, 1);
echo
'gmp_setbit(1, 1): '.gmp_strval($num, 2)."\n"; // 11

$num = gmp_init(1);
gmp_setbit($num, 1, true);
echo
'gmp_setbit(1, 1, true): '.gmp_strval($num, 2)."\n"; // 11

$num = gmp_init(1);
gmp_setbit($num, 0, false);
echo
'gmp_setbit(1, 0, false): '.gmp_strval($num, 2)."\n"; // 0
?>
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